Portugal is the third European country that makes the most use of temporary work, after Spain and Poland, with one in five workers on fixed-term contracts, Pordata announced this Saturday.
“Portugal is the third European country with more term contracts, after Spain and Poland. One in five workers has a fixed-term contract, six percentage points more than the one verified in the EU27 (15%) ”, reveals a portrait of the Portuguese business fabric with data from 2018, today released by the statistical database of the Francisco Manuel dos Santos, on the Day of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).
In the Baltic countries and Romania, this situation affects less than 4% of workers.
As for wages, 22% of employees received in 2018 the national minimum wage (580 euros, at the date), three times the amount recorded in 2008 (7,4%).
Pordata stresses, however, that the national minimum wage increased 23% in that period, the equivalent of more than 100 euros (at constant prices), a growth well above that of average monthly wages in the same period (4%, or another 35 euros) .
In the housing and catering sector, a third of workers received the minimum wage in 2018, and in manufacturing and health and social support activities, a quarter of workers earned that wage.
At constant prices, the increase in wages in recent decades has been less, concludes the report.
“If in the 90s (between 1988 and 1998), wages increased 32%, in the 2000s (between 1998 and 2008) they increased 12% and in the last one (between 2008 and 2018) 5%”, he explains.
As for the profile of the employer and worker, the study found that half of employers have, at most, the 9th year of schooling.
In the case of employees, this ratio is two for every five.
In two decades, the proportion of employees with at least secondary education has increased by 35 percentage points, while on the employers' side this growth was 32 percentage points.