Portugal remains with fewer people and getting older

A smaller, older population, but with few decreases in the percentage at risk of poverty. Trend of population decrease and aging could be even more noticeable, were it not for the migratory balance

This Saturday, July 11, is celebrated the World Population Day and Pordata presents today this year's edition of its “Portrait of Portugal”, in which it is proposed to characterize Portuguese society, based on 17 key areas, such as population, income and living conditions, education, health, employment or social protection.

In 2019, Portugal had around 282 thousand people less than in 2009, thus settling its population at 10,3 million people. The decrease observed was mainly driven by a decrease in births (86.579 in 2019, with a fertility index of 1,42), but the migratory balance ended up smoothing this trend, given that there were more than 45 thousand people entering the country than to leave it. Portugal has a progressively older population, verifiable by the fact that the group of people over 65 years old was the only one to grow from 2009 to 2019, with an increase of 18%. There are now 161 elderly people for every 100 young people.

Households in Portugal also showed changes in the last 10 years, as evidenced by the percentage of births outside of marriage (from 38,1% in 2009 to 56,8% in 2019) or the decrease in the number of marriages (minus 7 thousand between 2009 and 2019, when 33.272 took place, this decline was motivated almost exclusively by the fall in Catholic marriages), points out Pordata.

In economic terms, the average disposable income of households stood at € 2018 in 32.426, at constant 2016 prices, and the savings rate stood at 5% of GDP (7% in terms of disposable income) . The poverty rate varied little in the analyzed range, from 18% to 17% from 2009 to 2019.

However, among young people the figure is 19%, almost 1/5 of the population under 18 years old. These results cannot be dissociated from the 11% dropout rate or from the fact that, in 2019, 52% of the population over 15 years old have basic education as the highest level of education, according to the database of the Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation, which marks its 10th anniversary this year.

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