Timor-Leste left the group of almost 60 countries considered to be fragile, an OECD report said today, which points to sustained improvements in conflict mitigation, economic resilience and institutional strengthening.
“The fragility in Timor-Leste has decreased in all dimensions, except security, which revealed a slight increase in fragility”, highlighted in the latest edition of the report “States of Fragility”, published by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD ).
The document noted that "notable declines in economic and environmental fragility contributed to the departure of Timor-Leste", with "sustained investments over time in mitigating the conflict, strengthening political institutions and building economic resilience".
“Since the results published in 'States of Fragility 2018', the country's fragility has decreased in all dimensions, in addition to a slight increase in the security dimension”, said the OECD.
In addition to Timor-Leste, Egypt, Nepal, Malawi and Rwanda left the group, this year Nicaragua, Togo, Lesotho and Cambodia entered, remaining three countries of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP): Equatorial Guinea, Mozambique and Guinea -Bissau.
On Timor-Leste's behavior, the study noted that the country's progress “underlines the value of joint and informed approaches to risk among Governments and international partners to target and address the root causes of fragility and promote long-term peace and development".
Regarding the mobilization of international resources to support the country, shortly after the independence referendum of 30 August 1999, the OECD said that this allowed “a smooth transition from humanitarian aid to development, avoiding gaps in reconstruction activities”.
With “joint planning, the humanitarian, development and peace actors adopted an approach that aimed at the causes of fragility and clear roles and responsibilities defined among the institutions involved in reconstruction” post-referendum.
"Although Timor-Leste still faces challenges 20 years after the end of its conflict and 15 years after the departure of the UN mission, it continues to make progress in its objective sustainable development and in maintaining peace and stability," he said.
Among the advances, and in reference to the Sustainable Development Goals, the document highlights progress in pillar four, education, the eighth, work and economic growth, the 16th, peace, justice and strong institutions and the 17th , of partnerships.
There have also been moderate improvements in five other SDGs, with progress stagnating, however, in the first pillar (poverty), the fifth (gender equality), the ninth (industry, innovation and infrastructure) and the 14th (underwater life), and falling when it comes to the 15th pillar (life on earth).