The current Polish president Andrzej Duda did not avoid a second round of the presidential elections against the mayor of Warsaw, Rafal Trzaskowski and will have to count on the support of the extreme right in the second round, on July 12th. In the end, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), considered that the legal uncertainties were not manifested, but the act was marked "by the intolerance and bias of the public media, which stained the campaign", says the organization in a statement.
Opposition to PiS, the party that controls the government and the presidency, did not achieve as high a volume of membership as the polls showed, but the truth is that Rafal Trzaskowski will have more scope to grow in the second round. Duda, the current president, has little scope for growth, since he has already drained the votes of the extreme right, while Trzaskowski can count on the left's useful vote, despite the political area's little determination to place the president of the country's capital in the presidency.
In any case, the OSCE claims that the elections were “professionally administered, despite the lack of legal clarity, as solutions were found to be held during the Covid-19 pandemic. The campaign was characterized by intolerant rhetoric and a public broadcaster that failed in its duty to provide balanced and impartial coverage, ”said international observers on the ground.
"We saw a first professional round, even in difficult times and in a highly polarized political environment," said Thomas Boserup, head of the OSCE's special electoral assessment mission. "It is clear that emotions are on the rise, but intolerance or biased media can never be part of a truly vibrant democracy."
About 30 million people were taken to participate in the elections. The electoral administration complied with all legal deadlines and performed its activities in an acceptable manner, and the procedures were well followed in polling stations visited by international observers.
Even so, "the legislation that allowed the election was adopted in haste and without adequate public debate, in disagreement with the commitments made by all countries in the OSCE region". The changes had implications for candidate registration, campaigns and campaign financing, voting methods and resolving electoral disputes. The way they were done compromised the stability and clarity of the legislation ”.
The campaign itself was characterized by “negative rhetoric by the main candidates, which further aggravated the atmosphere of confrontation. The incendiary language of the proprietor [Duda] and his campaign were sometimes xenophobic and homophobic ”.
Although the public broadcaster provided the legally established free airtime to all candidates and organized the only joint televised debate held during the campaign, “this did not allow for any substantial discussion to help voters make an informed judgment. In the run-up to the election, the public broadcaster became a campaign tool for the incumbent, while some reports had clear xenophobic and anti-Semitic nuances, ”the statement said.