French Senate asks government to support Nagorno-Karabakh independence

At a time when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a peace agreement and no country in the world but the UN recognizes independence, the Senate resolution appears to be a measure for domestic consumption.

Juan Ignacio Roncoroni / EPA

The adoption of a resolution by the French Senate that asks the government to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh as an independent republic is scrambling to resolve the issue - which is currently in the consolidation phase of the peace agreement signed a few weeks ago. The Senate request is not binding, but it is a form of pressure for France to take a decision to that effect.

If that were to happen, Emmanuel Macron's executive would be isolated from most nations, since it has been established that Nagorno-Karabakh is considered to be an integral part of Azerbaijan.

The agreement between Azerbaijan and Armenia - which claims ownership of the enclave - was signed in Moscow (remember that the whole area was part of the former Soviet Union) with the exclusion, in practice, of all the other countries involved, namely the so-called Minks Group, which was completely overtaken by Vladimir Putin's diplomacy.

The French Senate's request thus appears to be a kind of relief. Who was not satisfied with this news - as the Senate would easily anticipate - was Turkey, which has always fought for a surrender solution enclaves back to Azerbaijan. The Senate's request “shows how biased France is in relation to” Nagorno-Karabakh, the Turkish Foreign Ministry said in an official statement.

"This decision by the French Senate is a clear indicator of why the OSCE Group in Minsk (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe), led by co-chairs who must be impartial, has not provided any solution, although it is biased", says the communicated.

The Minsk Group (founded by the OSCE), co-chaired by France, Russia and the United States, was formed in 1992 to find a peaceful solution to the conflict between Baku and Yerevan, the two capitals involved, over the occupied region of Nagorno- Karabakh. For years, he was unable to find a solution.

New confrontation wave broke out last September 27 and continued for 44 days. On November 10, the two countries signed an agreement mediated by Russia to end the conflicts and work on a comprehensive solution.

"The result that Azerbaijan has achieved on the battlefield is the realization of rights that were reflected in the UN decisions and recorded in the Minsk process, of which France is co-chairman, but which have not been put into effect," the statement said, recalling that several UN resolutions, as well as many international organizations, called for the withdrawal of invading Armenian forces from the region.

The Senate's request does not mean that the French government will recognize Nagorno-Karabakh as an independent territory, but it does send a message of support to the large Armenian community in France - which seems to be the only motivation, given that no country recognizes the region as independent.

The French Senate resolution calls on the government to "recognize the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh and use that recognition as an instrument of negotiations for the establishment of a sustainable peace".

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