Representing Portugal at the time, the head of Portuguese diplomacy, Augusto Santos Silva, explained to journalists in Brussels that, at what was the first face-to-face meeting of EU foreign ministers in four months, given the covid-19 pandemic, the situation in Hong Kong was on the table.
“The issue was addressed in order to express, once again, concern about the fact that the National Republic of China adopted a national security law and immediately implemented that law, which, in our view, does not comply with the terms in which the transition from British sovereignty to Chinese sovereignty over Hong Kong was negotiated […] nor does it comply with the principle “One country, two systems” and, on the contrary, seriously jeopardizes that principle ”, said the minister.
Admitting that "there are several suggestions for measures that can be taken and that have been presented", Augusto Santos Silva did not delve into these options, however, since the debate by the heads of EU diplomacy was limited "to confirm the criticism ”Of the Union.
Beijing imposed a national security law on Hong Kong, arguing that the legislation "does not call into question" the maxim "One country, two systems" because it is "just a way to increase security" in that special administrative region with a law that " it should have already been approved ”.
The document came after repeated warnings by the Chinese communist power against dissent in Hong Kong, shaken in 2019 by seven months of demonstrations in defense of democratic reforms and often marked by clashes with the police, which led to the arrest of more than nine thousand people. .
The former British colony returned to China in 1997 under an agreement that guaranteed the territory 50 years of autonomy and freedoms unknown in the rest of the country, under the “one country, two systems” principle, with a high degree of autonomy, at the executive level, legislative and judicial.