Environment, immigration and racial equality. Joe Biden moves away from legacy left by Donald Trump

Masks, social distance, climate, immigration and economy. These are Joe Biden's main focuses as he takes his new seat in the Oval Office for the US presidency.

EPA / Doug Mills / POOL

Hours after swearing to fulfill his duty as President of the United States, Joe Biden sat in the Oval Office and signed a total of 17 executive actions, with the aim of moving away from the legacy left by his predecessor Donald Trump, reveals "CNN" this Thursday, January 21st.

"There is no time to start like today," Joe Biden told reporters who accompanied him during the inauguration, adding that he would start "with the promises I made to the American people" during the presidential campaign. The new president of the United States has signed executive orders, memos and directives to federal agencies, with the aim of starting his presidency to attack the pandemic, racial inequalities, climate change and immigration.

By signing the numerous folders in front of him, Joe Biden halted the construction of the wall on the border with Mexico, initiated by Trump, reversed the travel ban aimed at Muslim countries, resumed the Paris Agreement, and resumed adopting progressive policies that its predecessor had blocked.

However, Joe Biden's first signature was intended to impose the mandatory use of masks on federal buildings, departing from all approaches that Donald Trump took while in office, where he repeatedly minimized the threat of the virus that has already killed more 400 thousand Americans.

What measures did Biden sign on his first day?

The 46th president of the United States signed three orders related to the new coronavirus. Joe Biden signed the order of 100 mask days, something already announced when still applying, where it asks Americans to use and reinforce personal protection to decrease the number of new cases.

In federal buildings, Biden ordered the use of masks and called for social detachment, and called on local governments and states to impose the same rule, in order to counter the rising curve of cases and deaths.

Another measure signed by Biden was the interruption of the United States' departure from the World Health Organization, continuing with the funding to the entity, and the appointment of infiologist Anthony Fauci, who is part of the new president's team, to lead the country's delegation to the entity. .

The President created the position of Covid-19 Response Coordinator and appointed Jeffrey D. Zients to fill the position. Zients will report directly to the president and will manage efforts to produce and distribute vaccines and medical equipment in response to the pandemic.

In the context of immigration, Biden reinforced the program for the deportation of immigrants brought to the United States as children, called DACA or Dreamers. For several years, Trump tried to end this program, but Biden's order calls on Congress to enact a law establishing a status so that immigrants have access to citizenship.

Another order revokes one of the plans of the Trump administration, which aimed to exclude noncitizens from the official count in the censuses, also annulling the previous efforts of its predecessor in finding and deporting unauthorized immigrants. Another order signed in this context is to block the deportation of citizens of Liberia living in the United States.

Joe Biden canceled the policy that banned travel from the United States to Muslim countries and instructed the State Department to process visas for individuals in countries affected by Trump's policies.

Construction of the wall between Mexico and the United States was also halted, with Biden rescinding the emergency declaration. The Biden administration will thoroughly review Donald Trump's legality and effort to divert federal money to finance the wall.

In terms of climate change and the environment, the president signed a letter asking the United States to sign the Paris Agreement again, meeting within the next 30 days with the other authorities.

Joe Biden also reversed several environmental policies of the administration of his predecessor, namely the license for the Keystone XL pipeline, reversing the vehicle emission standards, reversed the decision aimed at reducing the size of national monuments, imposed a temporary moratorium on the lease of oil and natural gas at the Refugio da Vida Selva do Ártico, and established a working group to analyze the social costs of greenhouse gases in the population.

Joe Biden rescinded the 1776 Commission created by the Donald Trump administration and instituted the agencies to review their actions to ensure racial equality. To ensure that these actions are carried out, Biden appointed Susan Rice to ensure that federal agencies eradicate “systemic racism” from their work. Another order signed yesterday reinforces the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and asks the federal government not to discriminate on the basis of candidates' sexual orientation and gender identity.

On the subject of economics, Biden asked the agencies to extend the moratorium on foreclosures until at least the end of March. Another order aims to extend the already existing pause in the payment of loans and interest to students until September 30th.

Regarding his own government, Biden has established ethical rules that aim to "restore and maintain trust in the administration", ordering that all his nominees sign this ethical promise. The most recent president also froze the regulations put in place by his predecessor, in order to assess those that should be maintained.

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