United States Congress still has five unknowns a month after the elections

Two seats in the Senate will be decided in a second round, scheduled for January 5, while the House of Representatives awaits a duel between two Republicans and the legal battles that must be fought by two Democratic candidates who were left with a handful of votes from the winners. The high number of newsletters sent by mail delayed scrutiny, especially in the states of California and New York.

A month after the elections that dictated the victory of Democrat Joe Biden over current Republican President Donald Trump, although he has not yet recognized the disadvantage in the electoral college and in the total number of votes counted, followed by allegations of electoral fraud that until now have not been accepted by the courts, there are still unknowns as to the identity of five members of the next United States Congress, which will take office on January 3, 2021.

Among the 35 Senate seats that were voted on the same day that the Americans decided who would stay in the White House for the next four years - in fact, not necessarily on the same day, as the Covid-19 pandemic generalized the appeal to the face-to-face vote or by post - two will remain to be filled out when the work is reopened. And both representing the state of Georgia, where the electoral law requires more than 50% of valid votes, which was not achieved by either of the two Republicans who were seeking re-election.

Therefore, the final decision was postponed until January 5, and it is known (or a few days later, if what happened last month) if Joe Biden will be able to count on Kamala Harris, who will chair the Senate as vice president of the United States, to undo the 50-50 tie in the Senate that will exist if Democrats win those two second rounds.

David Perdue was very close to ensuring the maintenance of the Republican majority in the upper house of the United States Congress, reaching the end of Georgia's slow vote count with 49,7% of the total, against 48,0% of Democratic rival Joe Ossoff, that carries a defeat in the curriculum, precisely in the second round, in a previous attempt to become a congressman representing one of the circles of the state.

More difficult may be the mission of also current senator Kelly Loeffler, a businesswoman who is one of the owners of the Atlanta Dream women's basketball team, as she only managed 25,9% in a primary in which she faced a Republican rival supported by Donald Trump, eventually outperforming by Democrat Raphael Warnock. The pastor of the same Atlanta church to which Martin Luther King preached obtained 32,9% in the first round, and will have in his favor the strong mobilization of the black electorate that helped Biden to overcome Trump in the southern state, being the first Democratic presidential candidate to achieve it since 1992.

Also in the House of Representatives, the lower house of Congress that has the responsibility to pass laws, there remain three doubts about the identity of the next incumbents, being certain that the Democrats will retain the majority, with at least 222 congressmen, while the Republicans may reach 213 thanks to more than a dozen achievements. It is certain that they will elect a minimum of 211, because the fifth circle of Louisiana will have this Saturday a second round between the two most voted candidates on November 3, both Republicans, who seek to succeed the veteran Ralph Abraham. His former chief of staff, Luke Letlow, has the support of Abraham and an advantage in the first round, but the businessman Lance Harris seeks to stick to him the image of professional politician.

Clearly well oriented to finally enter the House of Representatives, after several failed attempts, the medical and military reserve Mariannette Miller-Meeks conquered Iowa's first circle for the Republican Party, supplanting Democrat Rita Hart, but it is most certain that this the latter challenges the results. A prolonged fight in the courtroom should be the next step, after a recount of all ballot papers reduced Miller-Meeks' advantage from 282 to just six, with 196.964 voters against his rival's 196.958.

Even more complex may be the situation in the 22nd circle of New York, as Republican Claudia Tenney's 12-point lead over incumbent Anthony Brindisi could easily be reversed if a judge decides next Monday that some ballot papers refused at first instance should be scrutinized. It is certain that the votes sent by mail favor the Democrat, who had a disadvantage of more than 28 thousand votes at the ballot box.

Due to the high number of votes sent by post and varied voting problems, many seats in the House of Representatives remained open weeks after the elections. In the 25th circle of California it was only on December 1 that Democrat Christy Smith recognized the defeat for incumbent Republican Mike Garcia, while in the 21st circle of the same state the current Democratic Congressman TJ Cox has not yet congratulated Republican David Valadao , a Portuguese agricultural entrepreneur from the São Joaquim Valley who recovered the place in Washington that he lost to his rival in 2018. Both electoral races dragged on, with successive downloads of ballots to be added every few days until it became clear to organizations news such as the Associated Press and ABC News that the winners were found.

Also long overdue was the discovery of several New York state election winners, with Democrats registering three victories and Republicans two more after November 15. Also for later, due to the arrival of bulletins by mail, it was confirmed that the Republican Burgess Owens won the fourth round of Utah, being only one of two black elected from that party in the House of Representatives, but the uncertainties resulting from the arrival of dropper votes led to situations as bizarre as the Associated Press only confirmed the victory of Republican Nicole Malliotakis in the 11th round of New York on December 1, even though her opponent, Democratic Congressman Max Rose, recognized the defeat as early as 11 November.

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